What is the ICC?
Criminal Court (ICC) is a permanent and independent
international tribunal that has the power to investigate
and prosecute the most serious crimes of concern to the
Statute is the international treaty that established
the ICC and determined its jurisdiction, functions, powers,
and composition. To date, 110
countries have ratified the Rome Statute and
are State Parties to the ICC.
ICC is composed of four organs:
Eighteen independent judges. They are organized into three
divisions: the Pre-Trial Division, Trial Division, and Appeals
Division. The judges are elected by the States Parties.
Candidates must be nationals of those States and must “possess
the qualifications required in their respective States for
appointment to the highest judicial offices.” No two
judges may be nationals of the same State. Judges hold office
for a term of nine years and are not eligible for re-election.
The Office of the Prosecutor. It is independent from the
Court and is responsible for receiving referrals and any
information on crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court.
The Prosecutor conducts investigations and presents prosecutions
before the Court. The Office is headed by the Prosecutor.
The Prosecutor is assisted by one or more Deputy Prosecutors.
The current Prosecutor is Luis
Moreno-Ocampo of Argentina.
The Presidency. The eighteen sitting judges elect a President
and two Vice-Presidents who are fellow judges. The Presidency
is responsible for the proper administration of the ICC.
The Registry. It is responsible for the non-judicial aspects
of the administration of the Court.
ICC is based in The Hague in the Netherlands, but its proceedings
may take place anywhere.